Cat neutering is a surgical procedure that we perform here that removes both feline testicles.
Spaying a cat involves a female cat. It is a surgical procedure in which we remove either both ovaries by themselves or both ovaries and the uterus.
Spaying and neutering can be beneficial for the health of your cat in many ways. For a male cat, it helps with behavioral issues, such as aggression. It also helps with marking their territory. Unneutered male cats commonly urinate in areas and produce a foul odor. In female cats, it helps prevent estrous or heat cycles, and spaying prevents many forms of mammary cancer.
Traditionally, we see a cat for its kitten vaccines at a couple of months old. Usually, we spay or neuter at roughly the six to the eight-month mark.
For male cats, it prevents unwanted wandering and searching for a mate. For female cats, it prevents mammary cancer and an infection of the uterus called pyometra.
Sometimes with cats, it'll make them calm down slightly. They're often less aggressive and have less tendency to want to wander the neighborhood. Overall, you shouldn't see much of a behavioral change in spayed or neutered cats.
Some of the most common conditions we see that spaying or neutering would prevent include pyometra, which is an infected uterus, and mammary cancer.
Before spaying and neutering surgery, there's not much for you to do other than prevent them from being around other cats to mate. The most common thing after surgery is just keeping them calm. For male cats, there's very minimal care. We usually do not place sutures; they heal up, and you wouldn't even know they had surgery a day later. For female cats, we need to try and keep them indoors and, as best as possible, prevent them from running and jumping on and off furniture for a couple of days after the procedure.
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